Major food plants include Chinese sumac (Rhus spec., Anacardiaceae), bitterwood (Picrasma spec., Simaroubaceae), elm (Ulmus pumila), as well as some supplementary food, consisting of ﬂour, wheat bran and some vegetables of the season. Himalayan / White-bellied Musk Deer. In the warmer summers, they move down into river valleys and wetter habitats. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. up near the natural habitats of musk deer and the fact that the animals to be farmed were captured from the wild meant that the farming costs were very low. XIUXIANG MENG, 1 * DEGUANG LIU, 2 JINCHAO FENG, 1 ZHIBIN MENG 3. Some of them live on the plains, others in the tundra. Introduction. Hispid hare/ Assam rabbit (Caprolagus hispidus) Habitat: Southern foothills of the central Himalayas. are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China.In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and population of wild musk deer have declined. Musk has been one of the oldest raw materials used in perfumery and traditional medicine in Asia, representing one of the most valuable scented animal products, even more expensive than During the survey, Musk deer were observed in two ecological zones/habitat typesin the park , i.e. It may surprise you to learn there are species of deer that also live in the mountains and in the tropical rainforests. spring) originating from the natural habitat of wild musk deer. Siberian musk deer, one of the seven species, is distributed in coniferous forests of Asia. Threats: The habitat of hispid hares is highly fragmented due to increasing agriculture, flood control, and human development. The musk gland of the musk deer is located in the back is the high price. Deer Natural Habitat. The pod is located in the preputial region near the genitals of the male deer. Himalayan musk deer are most active between dusk and dawn, alternately resting and feeding throughout this period. blocks in the habitat for the status and habitat utilization of musk deer in LNP. Nevertheless, relatively low survival and reproduction rates of deer meant that farms regularly required replenishment with wild deer. In our study, BCAMD is located in the natural habitat of wild Alpine musk deer and undergoes seasonal climatic patterns also, which remain relatively constant interannually . Musk deer (Moschus spp.) Hog deer. We look forward to following him on his journey as he works to prevent local extinction of the alpine musk deer in Western Bhutan.” Phuntsho is among six conservationists to receive 2020 Whitley Awards to support their work to conserve some of the planet’s most endangered species and spectacular natural habitats. S athyakumar, S., P rasad, S.N., W alker, S., 1993. Deer are able to live in a wide spectrum of habitat out there. Wild musk deer live in a seasonal environment and enter estrus seasonally (Sheng, 1998). At present, this species is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. This demands comes at a huge cost to the ecology. Moreover, presence and absence of livestock was not found to have any significant effect on the habitat section of musk deer suggesting the selection as an evolutionary adaptation rather than an outcome of interspecific interactions with the livestock. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), one kilogram of musk can fetch US $45,000 in the international market. The rump and buttocks are dark. The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. This species was originally described as a subspecies to the alpine musk deer, but is now classified as a separate species.The deer stand at 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, and only males have tusks and … replace natural musk in traditional Asian medicine and protect natural . The widespread hunting of the musk deer for its musk has resulted in striking decline in its population. Unlike other deer species, the male Siberian musk deer do not have antlers but … Another factor contributing to the decline in the population of musk deer is the destruction of their natural habitats due to human activities. Only males produce the musk. The Siberian musk deer is a species of small, stocky musk deer living in the forested mountainous regions of Northeast Asia. The potential of the model has been utilized in finding the density of musk deer. When the cold weather arrives, the oxen move to higher ground so they can avoid deeper snows. sub-alpine scrub zone and Himalayan moist forest temperate forest zone. Indian musk deer doesn't possess any antlers. The construction of wildlife nature reserves needs to be further strengthened to protect the existing and potential habitats of musk deer in these simulated climatically suitable areas. populations of musk deer. Neighbouring individuals may utilize common latrines, an activity with becomes more frequent during the mating season. Musk deer (Moschus spp, family Moschidae) are an economically important and highly endangered taxon.All seven musk deer species are considered Endangered on the IUCN Red List except for M. moschiferus which is Vulnerable (Nyambayar et al., 2008, Timmins and Duckworth, 2008, Wang and Harris, 2008).Musk deer are distributed from the Arctic Circle in Russia to south and … population of Musk deer in MNP was estimated as 64 individuals. To quantify musk deer habitat correlates, we used observational spatial data based on presence-absence of musk deer latrines, as well as a range of fine spatial-scale ecological covariates. Musk Deer Gland. “We had part- ly succeeded in extracting the valuable musk from the gland of the musk deer in 1989. Indian Musk deer is a small sized deer covered with dark brown colored coat. More nature reserves for musk deer should be established to protect a greater proportion of musk deer habitat and of the population. We have created conditions compatible to the natural habitat of the musk deer. However, musk deer establish and repeatedly use the same latrines for defecation. However, the genetic information of Siberian musk deer … The spatial distribution of musk deer reflected the musk deer habitats mostly spread through the Picea smithiana and blue pine forest and some habitats close to the alpine scrub nearby to the rocky cliffs. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23: 1366–1369. 5, 10 SEPTEMBER 2006 Table 2. Threat: poaching & illegal trade for its musk. The study also deals with other related evidences found in the study area. 3. Worldwide, the population size of Siberian musk deer is threatened by severe illegal poaching for commercially valuable musk and meat, habitat losses, and forest fire. The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Questionnaire survey provides the additional information regarding its threats and conservation. It mainly deals with types of fecal deposits, distribution of those deposits in different topography and forests. In sub-alpine zone, only six Musk deer were located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par. The underparts are paler, giving it the alternate name of White-bellied Musk Deer. Status of captive Himalayan forest Himalayan musk deer Moschus chrysogaster in India. Conservation Status of Musk Deer. HIMALAYAN MUSK DEER/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus DESCRIPTION: A Himalayan Musk Deer can be differentiated from the Alpine Musk Deer in having dark legs and chest with no chest stripe. 91, NO. It is essential to hire the local guide with the keen acumen by the one wishing to have a glimpse of the musk deer in natural habitat. International Zoo Yearbook, 32: 32–38. The coat has short and soft hair with yellowish or white spots over the body. Population size of musk deer has dropped significantly due to historical over-hunting and loss or degradation of their habitat. At the same time, legislation should be strengthened to stop poaching, vigorous action needs to be taken against poachers and musk smugglers, and the laws against offenders need to be enforced. Results found that elevation, aspect, canopy-cover, and tree species significantly affected the habitat selection of musk deer. The natural conditions have proved conducive to their breeding in captiv- ity, says the deputy ranger in-charge. Possible 60 musk deer survive in Dachigam National Park with a density of 0.42 individuals per sq. These large mammals live in just a few habitats, all of which are within the Arctic Circle. The rear side is small and arched which aids them to organize the jumps. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss. Habitat of the Musk Ox. At night, musk deer can be seen in the open areas of their habitat as they graze, while during the day, they remain in dense cover. They roam along the Arctic Tundra, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season. Habitat: Kashmir, Kumaon and Sikkim. In the currently established reserves, the management of musk deer should be enhanced. are shy, solitary animals famous for the musk secreted by the adult male. The hind limbs are muscular and long and the forelimbs are weak and thin. Forest musk deer habitat in DNNR 3.1 About forest musk deer Musk deer (Moschus spp.) Threats: While habitat destruction poses a threat to musk deer populations, large-scale illegal hunting to meet commercial demand for the scent gland or “pod” of the male musk deer is believed to be responsible for dramatic declines in some musk deer populations at the end of this century. This is the reason for the immense attention towards the musk deer. Habitat utilization of Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) in the Musk Deer National Park Guraiz, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 698 CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. In China, musk deer farming and extracting musk from the captive musk deer have been reasonably successful since the early 1950s. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is considered endangered by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, because of its illicit hunting for musk as well as habitat loss. A musk pod yields about 25 grams of the brown waxy substance. With a kangaroo-like face, long, muscular hind legs, shorter and weaker forelimbs, small chest, highly arched back, and large rear, these animals move in a sequence of coordinated jumps. Finding of the Musk deer in the natural habitat is challenging. Reserves, the management of musk deer, is distributed in coniferous forests Asia! 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